Throughout my coaching career I have been striving to support the development of Scrum Masters. I am collaborating with Geoff Watts and Karim Harbott to run a Scrum Mastery Academy in the UK that will support the growth of great Scrum Masters.
The Scrum Mastery Academy provides all of the Scrum Education Units (SEU’s) to become a Certified Scrum Professional with the Scrum Alliance and provides the knowledge and skills for those working towards the Certified Team Coach accreditation.
The Scrum Mastery Academy can already be enrolled upon, but we are looking for some feedback from leaders in organisations who may want to develop Scrum Masters or from Scrum Masters themselves. Any feedback is gratefully received; let us know what you think:
What do you like?
What don’t you like?
What is confusing?
Would this offering be something that you would send ScrumMasters on/go on yourself? and why?
The event can be found at: https://inspectandadapt.com/course-ticket/scrum-mastery-academy/
Since the Scrum Coaching Retreats started in 2011 they have suddenly become widespread, with 6 happening in 2015. The idea was started and driven forward by a group of volunteer Certified Scrum Coaches, working closely with the Scrum Alliance. The event has grown organically and now involves small teams all over the world organizing these events, with support and sponsorship from the Scrum Alliance.
So what is a Scrum Coaching Retreat?
It is not a conference as there are no sessions or speakers, it is Agile Coaches working in Scrum Teams, diving deep into topics that they are interested in.
The collaboration begins before the event itself, as attendees start to discuss potential topics online, that they would like to work on at the event. This sets up the first session, where attendees form teams around topics that they are passionate about. New ideas will emerge, people will change groups, topics will be merged and split differently, but eventually small teams will start to form. The teams will then craft a Vision which focus’ them on the value that they wish to deliver, they select a Product Owner and ScrumMaster, and start to create a Product Backlog. Sounds familiar?
The rest of the retreat is divided into Sprints, each Sprint will start with planning, and then the teams will do some work. Sometimes the value is in the shared learning as they go much deeper into a topic than you would say at a conference workshop or open space session. Sometimes the teams will produce artifacts and material that will have value to them and others long after the retreat has finished. At the end of each Sprint the team will have the opportunity to showcase what they have delivered at a Sprint Review and get feedback. The Sprint then finishes with each team having a retrospective.
The retreats are based around a number of principles:
- Retreat: Creating time and space for focused learning and growth
- Scrum: Learning is done using an empirical framework called Scrum
- Teams: Teams are the heart of Scrum and a key differentiator at Retreats
- Deep: Teams go deep into single topics, rather than covering many broad areas
- Long: Learning, collaboration, and relationships continue long after the event
- Shared Learning: The event is designed for deep collaborative-shared learning
- Two Sleeps: Connections are made when our brains are quiet, the two nights of sleep allow for creative idea formation
So why should I attend a Scrum Coaching Retreat?
The Retreats are for anybody who uses coaching within an Agile environment, attendees range from new ScrumMasters to experienced Agile Coaches, Product Owners and Managers.
“The best part for retreat for me is to collaborate with experienced coaches intensively, which is a great learning and network opportunity. We seldom have chance to work this way with so many experts.” – Daniel Teng (Certified Scrum Coach and Trainer)
“My biggest takeaway from the Phoenix and Thailand coaching retreats I have been a part of is to be able to connect to fellow coaches, debate and discuss the art of coaching and also listen to their case studies.” – Madhur Kathuria (Certified Scrum Coach and Trainer)
For me the format provides a wonderful opportunity to grow yourself as a coach, by learning from your peers and to be part of growing the wider Agile Coaching community.
As I was looking back at some Retreat photo’s from London 2014, it stuck me how many of the people that I had met at the event with whom I have since worked with or collaborated. They are a great networking opportunity, allowing you to make lasting connections that go beyond just exchanging business cards.
“Sharing ideas with some of the most experienced Scrum coaches in the world gave me fresh insights into my own work. And it was fun!” – Alan O’Callaghan
“It was a fantastic experience. It was the first time since embarking on my agile adventure, that I felt like I wasn’t the only one going through the challenges and difficulties I and my teams were experiencing” – Sam Birkinshaw
The Team Formation
At the start of the retreat teams are formed, we have noticed that many teams struggle at first, especially in the first Sprint. As coaches this is a wonderful reminder of the journey that teams go through as they begin to try and work together for the first time, but have not yet built an environment of trust. We have found that the Retreat format provides a great balance, short Sprints where the teams can really focus and the slack time that is built into the schedule. This balance allows the teams to move very quickly from their initial struggles as they form to a point where they are a real team delivering some valuable outcomes.
“It reminded us that living in and working in a Scrum team delivering results isn’t always smooth and it isn’t always easy. It challenged the coaches to ‘eat our own dog food’ and folks GREW as a result” – Bob Galen (Certified Scrum Coach)
Time to Think
The slack time is very important, this includes the breaks, open space sessions and the opportunity to be at rest or unwind with other coaches in the bar in the evening. This time outside the Sprints is important; it allows time for thinking, and thinking done with other coaches willing to listen in a relaxed and respectful environment can be a very powerful thing.
Impressions from previous Retreats
“The groups I worked with during the retreat came up with so many important issues and ideas that we passionately wanted to address. We came up with some great ideas during the retreat and I thought about these discussions many times afterwards, some even directing my business decisions.” – David Lowe
The outcomes from the retreats can become something that has an impact on the wider community; there are online resources that have come out of teams that have continued to collaborate long after the retreat itself.
Below are some impressions from previous retreats, with links to their output.
“The excellent venue added to the whole experience enabling us to be truly agile during our retreat, with my team choosing to work outside in the relaxing inspiring gardens and sunshine (with the occasional rugby professional passing by on their way to training!) ” – Sam Birkinshaw
And a selection of video’s from Chandler (Phoenix) 2013
“One specific topics that was discussed at the 2013 Chandler SCR was Behavior Change. Individual as well as Organizational (collective of culture, structure, process/policies and people). Since then I’ve explored this topic at depth from different perspectives – still learning. It has helped me personally and professionally.” Kamlesh Craving
Scrum Coaching Retreats and the Future
The Scrum Coaching Retreats have allowed the coaches that have attended time to explore the profession of Agile Coaching at a deeper level, and have shown the collaborative spirit within the coaching community. However I believe we have a long way to grow as a community. We have many opportunities for growth, how do we…
- grow our skills as coaches?
- help customers choose the right coach?
- build coaching capability in the organisations that we work?
- transform the world of work?
- build a professional Agile Coaching community?
- deepen our understanding of the key challenges and opportunities of Agile adoption as it ventures into new frontiers?
So come and be part of taking these opportunities at a future Scrum Coaching Retreat, for a list of upcoming events see the Scrum Alliance website.
In 2008 I was inspired by Richard Sheridan of Menlo Innovations, and their human focused approach to work. Following his key note at the Berlin Scrum Gathering I think a good focus for everything I do this year would be to bring Joy to the world as I interact with it.
Potential Areas of Interest for the Year
Following a bit of brainstorming with Helen Meek around potential sessions for conferences, we came up with six possible topics, but actually they are also areas of focus for reading, research and writing.
- Release Forecasting
I spoke about using Agile approaches to reduce Risk in 2008 at the Munich Scrum Gathering. Actually I still don’t think we focus on Risk enough, or we focus on the wrong risks. Risk should be part of the value proposition, risk is uncertainty and when we think about Value, yes we should think about customer value, but also validated learning/reducing a risk; maybe so that we don’t build something, this is also valuable. The Risk I see turn into an issue a lot is inherent schedule flaw, where others make commitments on behalf of the team, often based on making the sale rather than on any real notion of how difficult it is to deliver. As yesterday’s issues are likely risks for your next endeavor, lets learn and surly life will be more joyful.
Not always necessary, but it can be an effective tool to build trust with your customer(s). So simple, yet it takes discipline to do well. Having a backlog refined appropriately, taking into account that your backlog will probably grow, making promises based on a too optimistic planning velocity. It’s about openness and honesty so that better decisions can be made as early as possible. Which is surly a more joyful relationship than one based on smoke and mirrors and bad news at the end.
It still surprises me how often managers do things that de-motivate the team, and either they are unaware of it or they don’t care. It is hard to motivate people, but really easy to demotivate them. People generally join a company motivated, but get worn down by things that are getting in the way of them doing a good job, they enjoy the work, if only they could just do it.
Coaching as a discipline is an important skill that needs to exist in managers and teams alike in order promote the collaborative culture, where an Agile approach truly thrives. It is that collaborative culture where I see joy at work. This area is also about me improving as a coach.
Many of us will have been involved in both successful and unsuccessful transitions (please provide your own definition of successful). When it is successful I have seen that joy. What have we learned from the failures? What was right about the success? What can we do to have more joy and less bahhhh.
The ScrumMaster is a change agent, seeing problems and helping the organization improve for the better, this role should help bring Joy to people by improving their ability to do a good job and have great relationships at work. However often the role is another word for Project Manager, or the technical lead is given extra responsibilities. There are also lots of CSM’s but very few experienced and skilled ScrumMasters.
Six area’s are too many, which area could do with the most work, what would bring you the most Joy?
I will at least commit to writing a blog on each area this year
Wishing you Joy for the upcoming Year
A new experiment in London see’s me partnering once again with RippleRock, together we are offering a series of courses beginning the week of 16th February 2014. The Certified ScrumMaster and the Certified Lean Kanban Foundation courses will be as interactive as ever, but will also benefit from graphical recording by Stuart Young from Illustration Station. We are also putting on a Visulisation/Artistry workshop, which will be free to those who sign up for another course. Each of the courses tells a story in its own right delivering value to those who attend; together the courses are trilogy, exposing attendees to a variety of practices, techniques and concepts for the Agile practitioner.
- Certified ScrumMaster course, this CSM course includes graphical recording to provide a visual record of your learning experience. With Mark Summers and graphical artist Stuart Young. Includes the Visual Artistry workshop for free. (19-20th February 2015) +free visual artistry workshop – £950+VAT
- Visual Artistry Workshop. Learn how to use visual artistry as a tool to initiate projects, enhance learning and have fun with your teams. With Graphical artist Stuart Young, supported by Agile Coaches Helen Meek and Mark Summers. (18th February 2015) – £400+VAT
- Certified Lean Kanban Foundation. Learn all about Kanban, once again your experience will be captured graphically. With Helen Meek and Stuart Young. Includes the Visual Artistry workshop for free. (16-17th February 2015) +free visual artistry workshop – £950+VAT
- CSM, Visual artistry workshop and Certified Kanban course – £1600+VAT (All 5 days)
Working with a team recently after some initial Kanban training we used the following questions to help us focus and get our Kanban system up and running.
The first question
- Why do we want to use Kanban? – If we can’t answer this stop, and it needs to be better than because we have been told to
Questions around the Work and how it flows
- Are there different types of work that you deal with?
- What happens to the work? -This is where we mapped out the flow of the work
- How are we going to limit work in progress?
- Do we need to respond differently to certain types of work? -different classes of service
Questions around our policies
- When can work move into columns? – Entry/exit criteria
- How does work come into the system? – Who puts work in the input queue/how often?
- How does work get released from your system?
Questions around feedback mechanisms
- How are we going to get feedback on the work from customers/stakeholders? – feedback on the what
- How are we going to reflect on the process? – feedback on the how
- How do we ensure that we are building quality in? – how do we get technical feedback?
These were some simple starter questions to get us started, however we expect that the answers to these questions will change as we continually improve and as your world changes.
Another long trip over to the states this week to attend the Scrum Coaching Retreat in Phoenix. My main reason for attending is that I am involved in bringing the event to Europe for the first time in 2014.
The retreat is unlike a conference or gathering, which sometimes only scratch the surface on topics; here you will go deep into issues that you are passionate about.
I am also hoping to get involved in some improvement initiatives in the CSC programme, either:
• An improvement of the application process, or
• Looking at how we better support coaches on their development path
That second issue is likely to be a central theme for the first European Scrum Coaching Retreat in London from 9th to 11th June 2014. Some information about the event is already here.
And you can register here, to get an early bird price
We will have our own website up shortly. I will keep you posted on anything interested that happens in Phoenix.
Recently I was working with a Scrum team who were struggling to get things to Done at the end of a Sprint, they already knew that they had a bottleneck getting things tested, but didn’t really know how to resolve it. They are certainly not unique in having had this struggle, and it was really costing them partially done work, tester working long hours at the end of the Sprint, a code freeze 3 days before the end of the Sprint. I also sensed frustration because they felt things couldn’t improve unless they changed the ratio of developers to testers (6 to 1). That wasn’t going to change immediately and I do like to focus the team on the art of the possible, so what could we do?
I knew I needed to do a little bit of education on dealing with bottlenecks, therefore I gave them a 10 minutes intro on the 5 focusing steps from the Theory of Constraints and then we did a retrospective to come up with some specific actions for them to take as a team.
Identify the systems constraints
The team had already identified that the tester in the team was overloaded with work, especially at the end of the Sprint. Unfortunately the tester was also starved of work in the middle of the Sprint.
Decide how to exploit the system’s constraint(s)
In this context this basically means looking if anyone else in the team can do some of the testing work. This is also a subtle way of introducing the team to the idea of taking a whole team approach to quality, without telling them that’s what they need to do. The kind of things that came up in the retrospective here were:
- Look for opportunities for other team members to help out with the writing and running manual tests. (The team did not yet have any automated acceptance tests)
- Other team members helping out with setup activities, i.e. environments
- Production of tools that would allow the testing work to be done more effectively
Subordinate everything else
For us this meant looking at changing the way we work to get work to flow more evenly. In this area we were looking at how we breakdown work and work more collaboratively as a team:
- Break down items into smaller chunks so that they can get into test earlier
- Write stories so that they are testable, so that parts of the story could be tested earlier
- Create opportunities for earlier feedback from test, reduce waste of fining errors on test environment
- There is no such thing as a bug in a Sprint, its just work that needs to be done before the Story in Done
- Limit items team is working on (Items in Progress), team members swarm on items
- Investment in Automated Acceptance Tests, which would allow the developers to take some of the testing burden
Elevate the system’s constraint(s)
This is looking at how we can increase capacity or capability in the bottleneck area. Which for us would mean hiring more people with the testing skills or providing some kind of training (be it formal or on the job). You should only be thinking about this if you have tried everything you can think of in the previous two steps.
What the team agreed
The immediate things the team agreed to do were:
- Breaking stories down smaller and also looking for opportunities to commit code regularly, as soon as something can be meaningfully tested
- Involving the tester in design activities, so that the team could design/implement with testability in mind, also as a result there was less of a handover
- Regular demo’s to the tester and Product Owner, whenever there is something to show
- The tester would continually ask “what have you got to show me?”
- Toolset to support Testing Diagnostics
It wasn’t agreed in the retrospective but subsequently they also started to get other team members helping out with testing tasks as well.
As a result of these actions, the code freeze was no longer necessary and the test activities were more evenly spread throughout the Sprint, they had less partially done work. So this is a good step in the right direction. To take it to the next level the team will need to focus more on swarming and investing in automated acceptance testing. If they can start to do that over their next few releases, then the perceived issues of the ratio of developers to testers may become a mute point, as the team adjusts its skills and practices to be able to deliver high quality work.